Orchids are some of the most beautiful plants and for centuries we humans have been growing them to admire their beauty. Today we’re going to take a look at learning how To grow orchids indoors. While they definitely require a bit of a care and attention, it’s well worth it to see these beauties bloom!
The first important step is to assess your grow space, and then choose an appropriate type of orchid. Having the right orchid is a big step in ensuring its survival. There are many different types of orchids, so finding one that fits your specific conditions should not prove to be too difficult.
Many gardeners will tell you that orchids are hard to grow, and require greenhouses in order to do so effectively. That is simply not true. While there are definitely some breeds out there that are difficult to grow, there are many others that even a beginner gardener can bloom successfully. Therefore, it’s really important to understand the type you’re starting with, and make sure it matches the care you can provide it with.
Unlike traditional plants that require potting soil, you’ll generally want to plant orchids in a bark mix. This is one of the biggest differences between orchids and more traditional plants.
While you can use other mediums, bark mix works particularly well due to the large amount of drainage and air movement it provides. There are also specialty made soils for orchids that will work just as well.
Due to the nature of the soil used for orchids, traditional watering methods don’t work quite as effectively as the water will drain out too quickly.
If you’re planting in a clay pot simply place the entire pot in water for 10-15 minutes. Since clay is very porous the water will be able penetrate the pot and be absorbed be absorbed by the bark. Afterwards, allow the pot to dry before placing it back in its location.
If you’re using a plastic container, then place the pot into an empty bowl first and add water. This will prevent the water from displacing the bark. Leave it there for 10-15 minutes and drain thoroughly.
Generally, you should aim to water you orchids every 7-10 days depending on the conditions of your home. This can be adjusted by a day or so in either direction if the conditions require.
Most orchids prefer bright, indirect light. Full exposure from a eastern/western facing window or indirect southern exposure throughout the day generally provides enough light.
Be careful though, as many types of orchids will require more or less light. Make sure to check the specific breed to be sure of its ideal light needs.
Signs of too much light are yellowing or sickly looking leaves. If a plant starts to look weak or dehydrated try giving a bit more light and see if that perks it up.
Temperature & Humidity
As there are many types of orchids, their needs for temperature are just as varied. In regards to temperature, orchids are generally categorized into three main groups: cool, intermediate, and warm. This corresponds to their ideal night temperature to grow properly
Most orchids enjoy temperatures to dip at night of 10-20 degrees. This is most important for those in the cool or intermediate category.
In the winter this is usually achievable by simply lowering the thermostat at night. During warmer months, consider moving the plants outside on a porch (or the reverse if the air is on) in order to achieve this needed temperature fluctuation.
Most gardeners consider the Phalaenopsis, or moth, orchid to be the easiest to grow. It’s our personal suggestion for first time growers as it provides a beautiful bloom for relatively little work.
Their water and light habits are pretty typical of orchids. They need roughly 6 hours of indirect sunlight per day and should be watered every 1-2 weeks.
For temperature, they generally thrive in enviroments up to 75 degrees Fahrenheit with dips in the night time hours.